Essay about Child Abuse and Neglect

3437 Words Feb 17th, 2012 14 Pages
Running Head: CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT

The Causes of Child Abuse and Neglect and the Long Term Effects on Human Development from Infancy to Adulthood
Sheila Y. Boone
Liberty University
December 10, 2008

Abstract
Child abuse and neglect is a prevalent issue in the United States. Every year approximately one million infants, children and adolescents are victims of child abuse and neglect. Research has linked childhood experiences of abuse and neglect with some serious life-long developmental, social, emotional and other significant problems. This paper will address risk factors that are associated with abuse and neglect, who is at risk for being abused, as well as some traits of the abuser. This paper will incorporate child
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Children younger than three years of age are unable to protect themselves and must rely on caregivers.” Children that live in homes with environmental stressors such as overcrowding, unsanitary surroundings or hazardous conditions are also at risk. According to research, it has been distinguished that “children from lower income families are were more likely to be neglected than children from families with higher incomes.” (Slack, Holl, McDaniel, Yoo & Bolger, 2004) Among low income families, research has shown that abused and neglected children receive poorer quality parenting than non maltreated children. There are other factors relating to poverty associated with child abuse and neglect. Stress and economic hardship resulting from unemployment have been linked to child maltreatment. “Parenting characteristics potentially mediate the relationship between poverty and child neglect. Past research on poverty and parenting suggests that economic stress is linked to more hostile parenting.” (Slack, Holl, McDaniel, Yoo & Bolger, 2004) Research also suggests that “harsh or abusive parenting is associated with adolescent and adult depression.” (Stuewig & McCloskey, 2005) The abuser usually has little or no knowledge about child development and a child’s needs, and have unrealistic expectations of children. Adults who were abused as children also are at risk of abusing their own child. “Caregivers who were substantiated for child abuse and neglect were also

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