Essay on Child Maltreatment And Child Abuse

1162 Words Nov 21st, 2015 null Page
According to the Child Abuse Prevention Treatment Act, child maltreatment is defined as “the physical or mental injury, sexual abuse, negligent treatment, or maltreatment of a child under the age of 18 by a person who is responsible for the child’s welfare under circumstances which indicate the child’s health or welfare is harmed or threatened thereby” (Watkins and Bradbard 1982). Maltreatment is a function of parental stress and frustration (Watkins and Bradbard 1982); stress and frustration can include but are not limited to income and employment or unemployment. The maltreatment of a child causes detrimental effects to one’s cognitive development. Government agencies typically intervene in child maltreatment cases that are reported, but by the time a resolution is remedied, it is likely too late and the child will suffer with complications throughout adulthood.
Undesirable economic change causes family stress, subsequently causing child abuse (Steinberg, Catalano, and Dooley 1981). Although child abuse and neglect occur in families of all income brackets, cases of child maltreatment are drawn disproportionately from lower-income families. We see more child maltreatment in lower income families (English 1998). The 1993 National Incidence Study found the strongest correlate of incidence across categories of child maltreatment to be family income (English 1998). The highest incidence of child neglect is in families living in the most extreme poverty. Child neglect…

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