Essay College And The Retention Of Students
As previously mentioned, it has been established that there are many who are interested in degree completion (Pacarella & Terenzini, 2005; Anderson & Kim, 2006; Baum & Ma, 2007; Chen & Weko, 2009; Dowd, Malcom, & Bensimon, 2009) and the impact of college and the retention of students is enigmatic and requires further study (Astin, 1970a, 1970b, 1993; Tinto, 1975, 1987, 1993; Pascarella, 1985; Weidman, 1989; Braxton, 2000; Seidman, 2005). We know that access to and success in college as well as transferring from one institution to another are the product of a complex set of factors, some of which can be traced back to the eighth grade, while others pertain to the institutional environment (Belcher, Michael, & Hagedorn, 2002; Braxton 2000; Cabrera & La Nasa 2001; Hossler, Schmitt, & Vesper, 1999; McDonough, 1997; Paulsen & St. John, 2002; Tinto, 1993).
It is necessary, nevertheless, to examine literature that addresses degree attainment. There are many methods to study degree attainment. Moreover, different states and organizations use different methods to attribute accountability and measure student or institutional success, as it relates to degree attainment. Frequently, graduation rates, time to degree, and total credit hours towards a degree are used as measurements. However, more recent measurements of degree attainment are the Graduation Efficiency Index (GEI) and institutional Graduation Efficiency.
It is appropriate to address all measurements of…