Components of Eating Substance Abuse Sexual and Personality Disorder

1340 Words Apr 28th, 2012 6 Pages
Melissa Redmond

April 2, 2012

Psy/410

Components
Introduction
Eating disorders, substance abuse, sexual, gender identity, and personality disorders lessen the ability for the human to function normal. Although their components have many varieties, being able to understand each of them allows for the reduction of classified awareness of these disorders and advertises a more realistic function of preventions and interventions to give support and become more normal.

Eating Disorders

Biological

Biological components involve a genetic basis, deficiencies, hormonal excesses, and abnormal neural activity. People suffering from bulimia and anorexia have serotonin levels that are low and unusual along with structural brain
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When people suffer from anorexia they find themselves being comfortable with starving themselves. Looking at eating disorders from the view of cognitive behavior, eating disorders come from thoughts that are inappropriate and personal experiences that help support eating habits that are out of control (Hansell & Damour, 2008).

Substance Use Disorders

Biological There are some where near 50 percent of substance use disorder can develop in a person who suffer from chemical deficiencies or self medicating biological (Goldstein, 2002). Contemporary research that has been done shows that the use of drugs can have an affect on the dopamine neurotransmitters and dopamine being release into certain areas of the brain can cause the internal reward system to activate and cause a lot of pleasure ( Hansell & Damour, 2008).
Emotional
Those who suffer with substance misuse are seen as a defense mechanism from psychodynamic theorists and are these individuals deal with memories and emotions that are repressed. There are a lot of people that suffer with substance abuse disorders show some signs of low self esteem and lean towards depression or depressive tendencies (Hansell & Damour, 2008).
Cognitive
Individuals who deal with substance abuse eternalize maladaptive beliefs that abuse is supported by the person who has to deal with daily stress and a lot of tension and is not capable of relaxing.

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