Essay on Group Substance Abuse Counseling : Drugs And Crimes
According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crimes individuals have been using psychoactive substances since ancient times. The first historical records show that cannabis was used in 4000 B.C. in Central Asia and North West China. The use of the coca leaf, which holds the primary ingredient to make cocaine, was used as early as 3000 B.C in the Andeans Mountain range in South America. One of the oldest uses of psychoactive substances dates back even further. The cultivation and use of opium dates back as early as 4,200 B.C. in Europe. In ancient times psychoactive drugs were mainly used for medical purposes and religious ceremonies (“A Century of,” 2008). Eventually, all of these psychoactive substances, and more than what is just named above, spread across the world and are now seen in almost every country of the world.
As the use of psychoactive substances expanded so did the need for the worlds government officials to control the substances. UNODC goes on to explain the international drug control trade. The first attempt prohibit the use of cannabis was done in 12th century Iraq. In the 15th century, the Catholic Church wanted the authorities in Bolivia and Peru to eliminate coca cultivation and consumption. In 1792 the Chinese emperor saw the increase in opium abuse and banned the import and sale of opium (“A Century of,” 2008). Currently in the United States most of these drugs in their “street form” are now…