Mental And Substance Use Disorders Essay

999 Words Dec 11th, 2015 4 Pages
Mental and Substance Use Disorders Mental disorder refers to a wide variety of mental health conditions. These are disorders that affect an individual’s mood, thinking, and behavior. Different types of mental disorders include bipolar disorder, depressive disorder, and anxiety disorder. It is not uncommon to find one of these mental health disorders and substance use co-occurring in an individual. The treatment of mental disorders has shown a prevalence of substance use higher than what is found in the general population. This is due to the feelings to self-soothe and self-medicate the symptoms of their mental disorder ("Lecture 1," 2015). When an individual has a co-occurring substance use disorder and mental health disorder such as bipolar disorder, depressive disorder, or anxiety disorder it is imperative to criteria assess, intervene, and be aware of the potential barriers to treatment.
Bipolar and Related Disorders There are two main types of bipolar disorder, bipolar and cyclothymia disorder. Bipolar disorder is made up of two prominent disorders, bipolar I and bipolar II. Bipolar disorders are essentially mood swing disorders, involving alternating states of high elation and depression along with shifting energy levels from active to depressive. Cyclothymia disorder is a milder form of bipolar disorder (Nevid, Rathus & Greene, 2011).
According to the 2013 DSM-5, the criteria for a bipolar I disorders include meeting the criteria for at least one manic…

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