Methods Of Measure Pricing And Affordability Of Healthy Foods
There is evidence that links food choice to food prices and affordability, this means that an individual’s dietary patterns is linked to his or her income (Lee et al. 2013). Brinkman et al. (2010) further explains that difference in food prices has greatly contributed to the global burden of overweight, obesity and an increase in non-communicable diseases (Cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and cancer).
Libsky (2009) and Andrieu et al. (2006) studies backs Brinkman et.al.(2010) and suggests that energy dense foods that contain fewer calories (processed foods and fast foods) are cheaper therefore people of low socioeconomic status (SES) tend to choose foods of this category hence there is reported higher rate of overweight and obesity at this group.
Food security defined as having access to safe, nutritious and affordable food at all times (Foley et al. 2009) is a major public health issue that needs to be monitored (PHAA, 2014). One of the methods that can be used is to determine the price of healthy foods in a given country so as to assess whether all its populace can afford a healthy diet (Lee et al. 2013).
Different counties have different methods of assessing food prices and affordability (Lee et al. 2013). This essay will focus on Australia and South Africa’s methods of assessing healthy food prices and affordability. METHODS USED TO ASSESS HEALTHY…