Parental Involvement : A Solution For Poverty And Social Inequality
Maccoby and Martin (1983) described the parent involvement as the way a parent is "committed to his or her role as a parent and to the fostering of optimal child development" (p. 48). Moreover, Johnston (1998) stated: “There is one irrefutable truth in education: parent involvement in the schools promotes student success and achievement” (p. 192). Also, he continued his analysis of the outcome of parental involvement indicating that for students with uninvolved parents their chances to be in the bottom of the class or to fail are higher than for students with involved parents. In addition, Johnston states: “There is some indication that the degree of parental involvement is more significant in the school success of students than virtually any other variable, including race, social class, or native language” (p. 193).
For the last decade the academic achievement of American students was in the researchers’ attention. Furthermore, higher student achievement implies a better future for American students (Epstein et al., 2009).…