Substance And Substance Use Disorders Essay

1173 Words May 10th, 2016 null Page
Nowadays, clinicians and psychologists are not using anymore the word "addiction". DSM-5 diagnostic criteria uses the word "Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders" or 'Substance Use Disorders". According with DSM-5, substance use disorders is defined as a chronic, relapsing brain disease which characteristics are compulsive seeking and drug use, despite its harmful consequences. It is considered a brain disease because drugs change this body: its structure and operation are affected. These brain changes can be for long-term, and can lead to dangerous behaviors.

The Partnership at Drug Free Organization and Office of Alcoholism & Substance Abuse Service conducted a national survey in which they found that 23, 50 million American adults are active involved in the use, and abuse of some substances. Substance use disorder is a condition that results, when a person ingests a substance such as alcohol, cocaine, opiates, marijuana or other drug that can be pleasurable, but they continue its use which becomes compulsive and interferes with ordinary responsibilities. It is a global problem, because this destroys users, and people around them. Prescription drugs overuse in the United States is a social problem, because more of 22.000 Americans are abusing of the painkiller, and 6, 5% of high school seniors have abused of the amphetamines (National Institute on Drug Abuse). Opiates, amphetamines, benzodiazepines, prescription sleep medications are difficult to…

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