Essay about Use And Abuse Of Drugs And Alcohol

770 Words Oct 10th, 2015 4 Pages
The use and abuse of drugs and alcohol has seen a dramatic increase within the United States in the last decade. Drugs like methamphetamine, cocaine, marijuana, and alcohol have become a norm in today’s society. Even more devastating is that there is evidence that drug and alcohol use is becoming more popular in the pregnant population. Drugs and alcohol abuse can result in some severe effects in the normal population, let alone that of the pregnant population. This paper will further investigate the kinds of effects that methamphetamine, alcohol, and especially cocaine have on a baby prenatally and postnatally.
Normal Pregnancy
During pregnancy, it is essential that a woman take good care of herself. Pregnancy typically lasts anywhere from 38-42 weeks. It is recommended for a woman to put on 25-30 pounds of weight during pregnancy. This weight gain is vital to support the growth of a healthy baby. Pregnant women frequently become nutrient deficient during pregnancy because the nutrients are first provided to the baby and then to the mother. Doctors also instruct pregnant women to take a multivitamin to supplement for additional deficiencies that occur during pregnancy. Once a woman becomes pregnant, an embryo forms in her uterus. Three to eight weeks after conception, also known as the embryonic stage, the organs of a baby begin to quickly develop. Nearly all of the organs besides the sex organs are developed during this period. Due to the rapid development of organs in…

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