Anxiety Among Substance-abusing Youth Essay
What is PTSD?
A post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can be present in individuals who got into situations that are so traumatizing it is impossible for them to cope and to function in their daily lives. It is a delayed or protracted response to this stressful event and is comprised of various psychological and psychosomatic symptoms (Lewinsohn, Gotlib, Lewinsohn, Seeley, & Allen, 1998).
A strong trauma is a fear-producing event that a person experiences, sees, or hears, which is life threatening or may cause physical damage, and therefore, presents an extraordinary threat of catastrophic extend. It would cause deep distress in almost anyone. The event can be unique or it can be a repeated event. Through this event, the person often feels intense fear or helplessness. Also it creates a discrepancy between the threatening factors in the situation and the individual coping strategies, which are associated with feelings of helplessness. This burden, which is generated by the trauma, thereby, can affect all spheres of life of an individual, including his or her mental, emotional, and physical well-being. If this state and the associated feelings remain present for several months, the individual may suffer from PTSD (Lewinsohn, Gotlib,