College Students with Disabilities Essay

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College Students with Disabilities

As societal pressures for higher education increase, more emphasis has been placed on the importance of a minimum of a bachelor's degree from an accredited college or university. This has led to the increased enrollment of students with learning disabilities over the past decade. According to a recent survey from the National Clearinghouse on Postsecondary Education for Individuals with Disabilities, one in eleven full-time first-year students entering college in 1998 self-reported a disability. This translates to approximately 154,520 college students, or about 9% of the total number of first-year freshmen, who reported a wide range of disabilities, ranging from attention deficit disorder to writing
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The symptoms of attention deficit disorders are persistent, and if left undiagnosed, continuing symptoms of ADD can contribute to psychiatric disorders such as anxiety or mood disorders, personality disorders, or developmental disorders (Quinn). Developmental disorders can include learning disabilities such as writing and reading difficulties, particularly dysgraphia and dyslexia.

College students with learning disabilities and attention disorders tend to have significant problems with written expression, and since students need a minimum level of writing proficiency to fulfill the objectives of college courses, this can lead to high levels of stress. It is often difficult to determine whether the difficulty college students experience with writing are the products of poor instruction or exhibiting characteristics of a learning disability, or perhaps examples of both. Vogel and Moran have noted that these students display poor organization and spelling; a misunderstanding of the rules governing punctuation; and poorly defined syntactic structures. These writers will leave out or use the incorrect article, display a lack of knowledge of parallel construction, and use the inappropriate parts of speech.

An analysis by Adelman of students' problems with writing revealed problems with sound discrimination, memory, and knowledge of linguistic patterns. Difficulties recognizing the differences in homonyms are

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