Essay on Substance Abuse Among Teenagers and Young Adults

1209 Words 5 Pages
Substance abuse among teenagers and young adults continues to call for a national concern for a number of reasons, one of them being the impact of these illicit substances on their health immediately or in their later lives. This research will concentrate on the abuse of cocaine, cannabis and ecstasy. Reports from various agencies frequently describe drug users as severely impaired health wise, recent research suggests that these outcomes are not extremely severe as people thought (Edwards, 2004). A thorough review of present literature suggests that substance abuse can leave the users vulnerable to a number of health problems. Many of these problems however can be tackled with a diversity of interventions. The study suggests that the home …show more content…
The relationship between drug abuse, socioeconomic status and structure is also examined. The individuals most likely to develop the problem of drug abuse are the ones at the margins of society. These are individuals socially and economically marginalized from school, work, family and other forms of leisure and so they tend to use their leisure time doing drugs. However this relationship is not linear. According to (Neale, 2002), some groups of the population like the homeless, those excluded from school, those in connection with criminal justice or mental services are more susceptible to the major risks and drug use is most prevalent among them. The social environment is a powerful influence on health and social outcomes (Spooner, 2005). This means that substance use and related problems result from the interplay of the individual and the environment he comes from. Excessive drug taking in early adulthood or teenage life leads to widespread discrimination. This is because the increase in exclusion that is exacerbated by the disclosure of ‘war on drugs’ and a mechanism concerned with exclusion of drug users and punishing them rather than caring for them, rehabilitation and inclusion. This makes the drug users blame themselves and internalize their problems (Buchana 2004). Substance abusers undergo Stigmatization and marginalization of which are are significant outcomes in the long run (Room, 2005). He argues that those who are mostly affluent have more

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